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ARTHRITIS OF THE KNEE

tissue (such as cartilage and ligaments) and softens
the bone.

Posttraumatic Arthritis

Posttraumatic arthritis is form of arthritis that
develops after an injury to the knee. For example, a
broken bone may damage the joint surface and lead
to arthritis years after the injury. Meniscal tears and
ligament injuries can cause instability and additional
wear on the knee joint, which over time can result in
arthritis.

Symptoms

A

rthritis is inflammation of one or more of your
joints. Pain, swelling, and stiffness are the primary
symptoms of arthritis. Any joint in the body may be
affected by the disease, but it is particularly common
in the knee. Knee arthritis can make it hard to do many
everyday activities, such as walking or climbing stairs.
It is a major cause of lost work time and a serious
disability for many people. Although there is no cure for
arthritis, there are many treatment options available to
help manage pain and keep people staying active.
The major types of arthritis that affect the knee are
osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and posttraumatic
arthritis.

Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis
in the knee. It is a degenerative,” wear-and-tear” type
of arthritis that occurs most often in people 50 years
of age and older, but may occur in younger people, too.
In osteoarthritis, the cartilage in the knee joint
gradually wears away. As the cartilage wears away, it
becomes frayed and rough, and the protective space
between the bones decreases. This can result in bone
rubbing on bone, and produce painful bone spurs.
Osteoarthritis develops slowly and the pain it causes
worsens over time.

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic disease that
attacks multiple joints throughout the body, including
the knee joint. It is symmetrical, meaning that it usually
affects the same joint on both sides of the body. In
rheumatoid arthritis the synovial membrane that covers
the knee joint begins to swell. This results in knee pain
and stiffness. Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune
disease. This means that the immune system attacks
its own tissues. The immune system damages normal

A knee joint affected by arthritis may be painful and
inflamed. Generally, the pain develops gradually over
time, although sudden onset is also possible. There are
other symptoms, as well:
• The joint may become stiff and swollen, making it
difficult to bend and straighten the knee.
• Pain and swelling may be worse in the morning, or
after sitting or resting.
• Vigorous activity may cause pain to flare up.
• Loose fragments of cartilage and other tissue can
interfere with the smooth motion of joints. The
knee may “lock” or “stick” during movement. It
may creak, click, snap or make a grinding noise
(crepitus).
• Pain may cause a feeling of weakness or buckling in
the knee.
• Many people with arthritis note increased joint pain
with rainy weather
The physicians at Shore Orthopedic are experts in
diagnosing musculoskeletal disorders, identifying and
treating injuries, providing rehabilitation to an affected
area and establishing a preventive protocol to inhibit
further damage to a diseased area or component of the
musculoskeletal system.
Schedule a Consultation
609.927.1991
or Request an
appointment online at
SHOREORTHODOCS.COM

Zabinski | McCloskey | DeMorat | Islinger | Alber | Barrett | Dalzell | Greene | Krome | Fox | Lai

SOMERS POINT - GALLOWAY - CAPE MAY COURT HOUSE

24 MACARTHUR BLVD., SOMERS POINT, NJ

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